How To Preserve Your Food In Summers
Summer is a time when you can enjoy having fresh, local fruits and vegetables. There are many varieties available in local farm shops and stores there are so many wonderful flavors available like the tartness of blackberry or say, the sweetness of a cherry, you can easily find these amazing flavors.
There are some fruits and vegetables which you will not find on the other side of the world once the summer is ended. But with a little bit of knowledge of what to do, these fruits and vegetables can last for a whole year in your kitchen. The below are seven effective ways to preserve fruits and vegetables an those can be done at home only.
Water content removal from fruits and vegetables is called drying. As bacteria serves on water, once it is dried, it is for sure that the food does not get harmed. Drying results in changing the texture and taste of the food, which is different from other preservation techniques. It can be stored in ambient conditions once dried successfully.
A Dedicated dehydrator can be used to store summer fruits and vegetables for the winter season, you can select a proper setting by just loading a machine with your food. Normally, the latest dehydrators are of different sizes and textures. If your dried fruits still look sticky and spongy, then they need more drying as they are not yet ready. Food normally needs to be hydrated on 95% before storing it.
You can make a use of your oven if you do not wish to buy a dehydrator, but its result can be something different or miss. Fruits and vegetables must be cut in thin slices and once cut; they need to be soaked in a mixture of lime juice water with an equal amount. After waiting for nearly 10 minutes, take a baking tray with parchment paper, placing the slices on it. Preheat the oven and put a tray in it. The Temperature should be between 130 to 160 degrees. When drying citrus fruit, you must keep the temperature at a lower range. Rotation of baking tray is a must on each hour and cooks it without stopping till slices are liable and gets a leathery texture.
It will make you amazed when you get to know that how people preserve and eat food in Africa’s summers.
One can be misguided with a term “canning”. If canning is done at home, usually mason jars or the things similar to that are used. This preservation method normally contains sealing a food to b stored in a sterile, air tight. You can easily canned cooked and raw food by making a use of heat for sterilizing and sealing the jar.
Pressure canner is needed while canning fruits and vegetables at home. A Full of canning jar, seals, rings, lids, funnel and none other than a big pot for blanching. The purpose is to kill the bacteria inside the jar with heat. Application of steam pressure is applied to airtight containers leaving sterile vacuum which helps to stay food safe and fresh for several months.
Inhospitable environment is created for bacteria by pickling fruits and vegetables. The Acidity of vinegar kills the potentially dangerous bacteria, which results in keeping the food safe and edible for many years.
By using a pickling method of preservation, a taste of fruit or vegetable drastically changes. The method is first create a solution for pickling with white vinegar, salt and sugar, and boils them in a pan. Then keep fruits and vegetable in an airtight jar and pour a solution on it till the food submerged in it. Then jar can be stored and sealed for next several days. It can be used for a chunky summer vegetables such as zucchini.
Conversion of carbohydrates into an alcohol or organic acids is known as fermentation. To start with the procedure, you will need salt, whey, dedicated starter culture to water, which will create a brine solution for fermentation.
It is relatively easy to ferment summer fruits and vegetables. But more importantly, they should be cut in small and even chunks. By putting a food in airtight container, brine solution is poured on it. Do not forget to ensure that all the food is fully merged in brine till fermentation finishes. While fermenting fruit, a process will last for 48 hours. Vegetables on the other hand, take longer time as they have less amount of sugar content.
To make the food last for whole winter, freezing is easier and quicker way to preserve summer fruits and vegetables. But freezing or thawing may damage some softer fruits like strawberries-by changing their texture totally. Do not forget the thing that freezing does not kill bacteria; they get inactive for some time and are dormant on defrosting.
Once it is decided to freeze fruits and vegetables, firstly, they should be kept in a metal tray. On getting hard and stiff, they can be transferred to sterile, airtight freezer bags. For starchy vegetables like potatoes, they need to blanch in iced water before placing into a freezer. For the fruits which can turn their color to brown, do not forget to treat them with ascorbic acid before freezing.
- Oil Packing:
Using vegetable oil for storing summer fruits and vegetables makes it harder for bacteria to develop, but it also changes the flavor drastically. It is best to preserve tomatoes, herbs, eggplants, onions and olives. It helps in creating anaerobic conditions by adding acids, normally vinegar. Airtight mason jars are commonly used by most of the people to preserve fruits and vegetables nowadays, but sealable food bags can be utilized as well.
It is difficult for bacteria to survive due to hypertonic properties of salt. Organisms can be deactivated or died with the help of dehydration and food can be stored at ambient temperatures for a longer time.
You can store food in salt by putting them in a big baking pan and merging them in water. Keep on adding salt in water till it starts depositing on vegetables, this indicates that the saturation point has arrived. Keep those vegetables in water and refrigerate them for a week or so. You can complete the procedure by draining out the brine and more salt can be used to cover your vegetables, and then store them in a dry and cool place.
Do not forget to add your summer recipes during winter season. You can utilize these preservation techniques and be sure of having a stock of fruits and vegetables for a whole year.
- Published On : 8 months ago on August 4, 2018
- Author By : Brad Ruggles
- Last Updated : July 30, 2018 @ 3:18 am
- In The Categories Of : Health